Of these poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey were the most important and influential. Author of the first known literature of Europe, he is central to the Western canon. The Iliad, set in the midst of the ten-year Trojan War, focuses on the quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles. The Odyssey is not only a great romantic, adventure epic, but it's terribly realistic in its depiction of human nature and a brilliantly crafted narrative. This is both due to their amazing storytelling and also their historical significance. The Iliad and the Odyssey owe their unique status precisely to the creative and therefore unanalyzable confluence of tradition and design, the crystalline fixity of a formulaic style and the mobile spontaneity of a brilliant personal vision. > Thank you for the request, Chad! The Iliad and Odyssey are the beginnings of Western literature. Live Game Live. Written by the great Roman poet Virgil and modeled on the Iliad and the Odyssey , the Aeneid tells the story of Aeneas, who was destined to escape from the burning city of Troy and found a new city, Rome. Even though the Odyssey and the Iliad were written many years ago, some of the themes on these two works are relevant in today’s society. Because they are written in a rhythmic scheme called dactylic hexameter. Many people die in vain because of arrogant and emotional decisions made by men. The poems themselves refer to artistic productions, most famously the elaborately decorated shield which Hephaistos makes for Achilles in Iliad 18. Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Host a game. Edit. The various similarities between our society and the societies depicted in the Iliad and the Odyssey are surprising profuse. An epic is a long, episodic narrative poem that recounts the adventures of a historical or mystical hero. Share practice link. He plays one of the central roles in Homer's Iliad where the Greeks were, thanks to his ingenuity, able to defeat the Trojans and claim the city of Troy. Save. The Iliad, the Odyssey, Hesiod’s Theogony and Works and Days, and the Homeric Hymns formed the foundation for all of ancient Greek literature and they were the basis for a large swathe of ancient Greek culture. The Iliad and The Odyssey have provided not only seeds but fertilizer for almost all the other arts and sciences in Western culture. The language of the Iliad and the Odyssey suggest that Homer came from the western coast of the modern nation of Turkey. The Iliad and Odyssey were composed in a culture in which art played a central role. Because everyones life is a journey for different goals and purposes, with obstacles, like Odysseus. 8th - 10th grade . The Iliad and the Odyssey come from Greece. I suppose firstly it should be said that there are different types of importance. The Odyssey. The Iliad is compared to a tragedy while the Odyssey is compared to a comedy. The story of that war and its aftermath continues in the Aeneid , which our students read in the eighth grade. The term "Western canon" denotes a body of books and, more broadly, music and art that have been traditionally accepted by Western scholars as the most important and influential in shaping Western culture. Why are the Iliad and the Odyssey considered poems? Although it is difficult to determine and define what occurred in ancient times, Homer was equally effective, and the establishment of the concept of the gods, because he established the influential literature. The oral composition of the Iliad and Odyssey would predate Homer as its themes and events would have been passed from generation to generation until we arrive to Homer. The Iliad and Odyssey were incredibly popular. These two text are quite popular in not only western literature but also is numerous classrooms around the world. Play. 5. Fragments of Homer show up everywhere. The Odyssey concerns the journey of Odysseus after the war. Therefore it is important to understand the role of the gods in Greek culture.