The eastern puma (=cougar) was originally listed as an endangered species on June 4, 1973 (38 FR 14678). New England has numerous people skilled in interpreting animal tracks and sign, and mountain lions leave considerable sign where they move and kill prey. A cougar living in the desert, for example, might look slightly different than one more adapted to a forest in Canada. In 2015, the agency inferred that the animal does notneed to be protected under the Endangered Species Act and decided to de-listit. A decline in large predators is thought to be at least partially responsible for growing deer numbers. It is very rare for an Eastern Cougar to attack people or livestock. Wouldn’t they then be eligible for listing and protection? This map was made by Brad Herried for the Cougar Network, an organization leading the documenting and analyzing the eastward expansion of western mountain lions. It was declared extinct in 2011. This species is so endangered in the Northeast in fact that the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and numerous conservation scientists agree that delisting the eastern cougar actually makes it easier to reintroduce this top predator in the northeast. The U.S. It seems that the last sighting of the eastern cougar occurred in Maine in 1938. So, physical distance will be the key to DPS listing, which I personally believe is warranted. The U.S. As discussed above, genetic distance will not support DPS listing either. In Alberta, caribou populations were once abundant. This classification is a key point for those who support future efforts to re-establish extinct populations of cougars in the Eastern United States. Eastern Cougar: No Longer Endangered. Three of the over 20 subspecies of the cougar are endangered: the Florida panther (Puma concolor coryi), the Costa Rican Puma (Puma concolor costaricensis), and the Eastern Puma (Puma concolor couguar). I think the wording of the federal ruling unintentionally—but unfortunately—influenced how the media covered the change in conservation status. Three of the over 20 subspecies of the cougar are endangered: the Florida panther (Puma concolor coryi), the Costa Rican Puma (Puma concolor costaricensis), and the Eastern Puma (Puma concolor couguar). The subspecies has now been removed from the Endangered Species Act, 80 years after its last sighting If you live in an eastern state that is deliberating reintroduction, or if you would like then to consider it as an option, get involved, reach out and contribute your thoughts. As a whole, cougars across the U.S. are managed on a state-by-state basis. A Canadian wildlife group has not made remarks regarding the eastern cougar since 1998; in those comments, serious doubt was expressed regarding the species living anywhere—except, possibly, in Florida. What if migrants establish a breeding population? The one process now going on that will take millions of years to correct is the loss of genetic and species diversity by the destruction of natural habitats. In the sameyear, a group of scholars and students f… Now, only 15 herds remain. It has also since been removed from the endangered species list. The removal of the eastern cougar from the federal endangered species list, however, opens up an extremely controversial possibility. The U.S. WASHINGTON— The U.S. Once arriving in the east, aren’t cougars then present, and therefore eligible for listing and protection? A cougar trapped in Somerset County, Maine in 1938 may have been the last one to roam the northeast. Fish and Wildlife Service. Consider the amazing adventure of the dispersing male mountain lion that was killed on a Connecticut highway in 2011—and subsequently became national news and was written up in the book Heart of a Lion. Importantly, this does not matter because the subspecies distinction of “eastern cougar” was incorrect. The caveat, however, is that current phylogentics could be used to argue that the Florida panther subspecies, just like the eastern cougar, is not justified either, and that their protective status should be ended as well. Before the 19th century, cougars were abundant in this range. The color and thickness of the coat of the cougar varies according to region and subspecies, but generally, cougars are tawny-colored with black-tipped ears and tails. European immigrants killed cougars to protect themselves and their livestock. The cougar has several subspecies, one of which was the eastern cougar. This is one point I believe should have been included in the summary at the start of the federal ruling. Eastern Cougar. The Cougar is Canada’s largest and most powerful cat. That’s Not a Good Thing. On June 17, 2015, the Service published a proposed rule ( 80 FR 34595 ) to remove the eastern puma from the List, with a comment period extending through August 17, 2015. The animals face significant threats from habitat loss and fragmentation, and some down-the-line impacts from hunters killing younger males. All rights reserved. But, much more importantly, the newest science has revealed that there never was an “eastern cougar” subspecies to begin with. Many states offered a bounty to encourage the killing of cougars. The Eastern Cougar is a large predator that is 171-274 cm long. This I think would be the best outcome for the Florida panther… but I do not know how the review team will weigh the requirements to assign DPS–the first requirement is that a population is “discrete.” Traditionally, this was clearer–the Florida panthers are clearly separate from the remainder of mountain lion populations, and anyone could see that they are discrete. Even though reintroduction is now “easier”, I find it inconceivable that any eastern state would actually chose to reintroduce them. Here's how the USFWS explains it: The Service completed the formal review of the eastern cougar in 2011. "[Classification] was based on things like the fur coat of animals and nuanced differences in sizes," says Robinson. It is uncertain whether there are any Eastern Cougars left in Canada. The population in the eastern parts of the United States completely clear. The declaration was met by resignation in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences, where Gary San Julian, professor of wildlife resources, has fielded many inquiries about the Eastern cougar's status in recent decades. The eastern cougar no longer needs to be on a list of protected animals because it was killed off more than 70 years ago, the US Fish and Wildlife Service says. Based on comments and information received in response to the delisting proposal, the agency made some changes to the final rule. Beginning in the 1800s, European settlers began rounding up and killing off cougars in the northeast. Currently, the IUCN lists North American cougars as a species of least concern overall, but notes that their population is declining. Although no breeding population of eastern cougar was known in 1982, Service biologists at that time believed it was possible that the eastern cougar still survived in a few remote areas of its historical range. The agency's decision to declare the eastern cougar extinct does not affect the status of the Florida panther, another endangered wildcat. Some people still argue that mountain lions have existed in hidden pockets in New England for all of these years. Normally, it’s wonderful when an animal is removed from the endangered species list, but not when it’s because the animal has gone completely extinct. This is my opinion, of course, which highlights the fact that each of these criteria needs to be interpreted, and how different reviewers might come to different conclusions. Paul Rezendes and I were two of the many that confirmed photos of footprints he left in the Quabbin Resevoir in central Massachusetts before he was killed. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) has completed a review of all available information about the eastern cougar, which has been on the endangered species list since 1973. With Tolerance, Apex Predators Like Cougars Can Return, Restore Ecosystems . Why did the Service write a recovery plan for the eastern cougar in 1982 when biologists believed the subspecies was extinct? The 1982 recovery plan for the eastern cougar aimed to protect what existed of its population, not to reintroduce the subspecies to its historic range. Phylogeny is the science that proposes how animals are related by their evolutionary history. Fish and Wildlife Service. Wednesday's declaration paves the way for the eastern cougar to be removed from the endangered species list, where it was placed in 1973. "So therefore, reintroductions are good viable alternatives.". I’ve received a lot of worried messages and comments on social media about the recent U.S. Text and images © Mark Elbroch unless otherwise noted, Natural History, Animal Tracking, And Mountain Lions. However, on January 22, the Eastern cougar subspecies was officially declared extinct in the U.S. and removed from the endangered species list by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has officially declared the subspecies extinct and removed it from the U.S. endangered species list. This beautiful wild cat is gravely endangered in the near north of eastern Canada, where it once traveled the rough, hilly and swampy lands surrounded by forest. You will see in this report the appearance, food, habitat, threats and interesting facts of the Eastern Cougar. Why are cougars endangered? The odd thing, though, is that the eastern cougar per se may never have existed. Robinson hopes to see more state-by-state conservation measures enacted to preserve the ecological balance these large predators provide.
2020 why is the eastern cougar endangered